Our feeling regarding health testing: We do test for hips and any disease common to our parent dogs. We have elbows/patella, heart, lungs, eyes and overall health status examined by our vet. I don't like sedating our dogs for hip films as I have had one bad experience with a pet reacting to the anesthetic so I only do this when necessary but we do have hip films done and evaluated by our vet. We have researched and spoken to four separate veterinarians about health testing and have come to the conclusion that some of the extensive health testing required by some organizations (that charge for membership and rating) is not necessary. We know our parent dogs lineage, their health status overall, and ask all families to let us know of any problems that develop with their pups and have not had any negative reports. We feel that sometimes the extensive testing is done to justify higher pricing as a few of the tests required are for maladies so unlikely it doesn't make sense to test for them. Those costs, which btw are minimal for us as Nichole is a vet tech, are passed on to you in the higher price you are paying for the puppy. Unfortunately it has been brought to our attention that some breeders who do this have been criticizing us on other websites but we feel the professional opinions of our veterinarians are of much more value. We agree that dogs with health issues should never be bred but even healthy parent dogs can have pups that develop problems. Our parent dogs are not bred until they are around 2 years old so we know their health status and temperament, and do test hips and eyes when it is common to the breed. We also do all that we can to give our pups the best start in life and spend many hours working with them long before they transition to their new homes. We never house our parent dogs or pups in kennels away from the family and we believe that THAT is much more beneficial than some of the testing we've read about. Of note, this is not a value shared or required by some of those sites that purport to be interested in the welfare of the parent dogs and pups and in finding good breeders for you. We are happy to discuss this with you should you have any questions about our conclusion. JUST OUR INFORMED OPINION.